verna kirkness


A Personal History of Indigenous Education: Verna Kirkness’s Creating Space


Reviewed in this essay: Creating Space: My Life and Work in Indigenous Education by Verna Kirkness. Published by the University of Manitoba Press (September 2013). In 1950, children on the Fisher River Indian reserve went to residential school after grade eight. One child on the reserve, however, had to stay behind. Residential schools only admitted status Indians and Verna Kirkness’s mother...